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Tables 6: Nail Table

Construction DetailMinimum Nail LengthMinimum Nail Number
Floor joist to plate - toe nail3 1/4 - 12d2
Double header3 1/4 - 12d12" o.c. (on center)
Stud to wall plate (each end) - toe nail2 1/4 - 7d4
Stud to wall plate (each end) - end nail3 1/4 - 12d2
Double studs at openings3 1/4 - 12d30" o.c.
Doubled top wall plates3 1/4 - 12d24" o.c.
Bottom wall plates to box and floor joists3 1/4 - 12d16" o.c.
Roof rafter or joist to plate3 1/4 - 12d3
Rafter to ridge board - toe nail2 1/4 - 7d4
Rafter to ridge board - end nail3 1/4 - 12d3
Collar tie to rafter - each end3 1/4 - 12d3
Plywood or OSB to supports2 - 6d6" o.c. along edges
and 12" o.c. along
intermediate supports


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