|Volume 15 Issue 7
Welcome to Dave's Shop Talk's Home Improvement Newsletter of questions from our members on their construction projects, a Tip of the Month and a home remodeling article, both from our website at https://daveosborne.com.
Dan and I are enjoying your reaction to our Videos in your comments and watching the number of views rise, incredibly over a million, now. Can you think of another video that would be helpful to you to put on our website that could better explain a question you may have in building your projects. Dan is itching to direct me in another video!
When making stairs, to save your carpet, round over the top edge of each nosing. Do this with a router, a belt sander or a block plane. It is easier to do this before installing the treads.
Don't install doors on a floor standing cabinet, until the cabinet is placed in its final resting place. And attached to the wall.
Thanks, Misty for your email.
Dan, my brother and webmaster of our site, luckily loves his Math. He did a good job of putting the Stair Calculator together and then coming up with a new, almost radical way of stepping down the stringer with points rather than with a Steel Square, the more conventional method.
Just remember: The stringer should have one less tread than riser; cut the thickness of tread off the bottom of the stringer and install it the thickness of the tread down below the riser height at the top.
Don't hesitate to ask me any questions you may have on our site or with your projects.
Thanks, Misty, for the update. Glad everything went well.
Thanks for your nice comments.
When laying blocks/bricks on a concrete footing, the footing must be level. We step the footings, which means we raise the low end at least 6" and start off again. The code says that each footing step has to be a minimum of 6" vertical and 24" horizontal. With bricks have the length of each step coincide with the number of bricks, so the brick will be flush at the end of the step and the vertical drop be equal to an even number of courses of the brick.
Here is a drawing to explain:
Hope this helps,
Yes, I can help with this. Since you need to have the bottom step stop on the concrete landing, could you give me the total run that you need. Just plumb down from the edge of the deck and measure to the bottom rise.
Okay, your rise is 7 15/16" and run is 74 1/8 / 7 runs = 10.59 or 10 9/16".
If you make your stringer like this, it should work.
We need to trick the Stair Calculator that the total rise is 63 7/16 or add 1 rise to 55 1/2.
We know that you need 7 runs at a total run of 74 1/8 = 10.59 each.
The attachment shows the new measurements and drawing for your stringer.
Hope this helps,
Oh, good, glad I was able to help.
(taken from our website: DaveOsborne.com)
[For our Wheelchair Ramp Plans, see Wheelchair Ramp Plans]
I have noticed an interest from members of our website about the specifications of building a wheelchair ramp for a disabled person entering their home. Most Building Codes are very specific about the requirements for wheelchair ramps. In the United States, there is The Americans with Disabilities Act, which outlines the dimensions for wheelchair ramps. Let's go over the key points for building a wheelchair ramp to gain access to the interior of your house, in simple terms. It is always a good idea to check out your local building codes, as well.
Ramps are necessary for individuals in wheelchairs, as well as those pushing strollers, grocery carts and the elderly or infirm to access the entrance to a home. A wheelchair ramp should have a level area at the bottom as well as the top and at changes of direction. Some long wheelchair ramps over 20 feet should have a level spot in the middle. These level areas or landings should be the width of the wheelchair ramp and at least 5' long. This allows the wheelchair driver to negotiate a turn and the chance to slow down or just to stop and rest. The ideal width of a wheelchair ramp is 36" between handrails. Handrails are installed on both sides of the wheelchair ramp. This allows the wheelchair driver to grab the handrails and pull himself or herself along. The preferred height of the top of a handrail is also 36", another rail at 18" is helpful for those unable to reach the higher rail, children, for example. The handrail should be continuous and returned into the wall, floor or post or the end rounded to avoid someone running into it.
The slope of the wheelchair ramp should be not less than 1' in 12', except for very short wheelchair ramps. This means that if the vertical rise in the wheelchair ramp is 1' high the horizontal distance should be at least 12' long. Curved wheelchair ramps should be avoided due to difficulties negotiating curves in a wheelchair; better to have a landing instead.
The wheelchair ramp should have a 3" high curb to prevent the front wheel of the wheelchair from going off the edge. This curb can be incorporated with the handrail, having a bottom rail not more than 3" above the deck. Any difference in height or projection on the wheelchair ramp should not be more than ½", for example where the plywood sits on the sidewalk at the start of the slope.
Wheelchair ramps can be constructed of wood, concrete or steel. Make sure the surface is slip resistant and that level areas cannot hold puddles of water and will not build up ice during the winter. In many areas, the cost of building a wheelchair ramp for the disabled can be deducted from your income tax.
Hope this helps.
For our Wheelchair Ramp Plans, see Wheelchair Ramp Plans
I hope you enjoyed the Newsletter this month and that your summer was a good one.
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Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need.
Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button.