|Volume 15 Issue 9|
Welcome to Dave's Shop Talk's Home Improvement Newsletter of questions from our members on their construction projects, a Tip of the Month and a home remodeling article, both from our website at http://daveosborne.com.
To help hold up a set of stairs when the box joist is not large enough, install a plywood riser onto the stringer and then fasten the stringer, etc. onto the riser.
Save worn out cotton and polyester socks (not wool) for staining wood projects.
Yes, build the landing first. I would go with 4 legs - 1 in each corner.
A scab is a small piece of plywood or lumber, which is fastened over a joint to keep it rigid. This is from our Construction Dictionary, via the menu at the top of each page of our site.
Normally with a large or high landing, I would build the supporting posts with two 2x4s nailed together, one under the 2x4 frame of the landing and one along side it but to the under side of the sub-floor, ie. 3 1/2" longer. If the posts are against a wall, just cut the 2x4 post under the 2x4 ledger of the landing and fasten the post and the ledger to the wall. It would be good to put a scab over the joint, as well. This scab would be 1/2" to 3/4" thick plywood, not OSB or fiberboard, as shown in this drawing:
It is important, when securing stairs or a landing to support the stringer or ledger under it rather than nail a 2x4 over it. Don't depend on nails alone to support a structure. Support it rather with blocking or support underneath it.
Hope this helps and welcome to our website. If you need more clarification, please don't hesitate to ask.
Could you give me all the measurements of the space you have, including the headroom and I'll try to figure something out for you.
A couple of notes on a U-shaped stairway:
Another option is to go with 13 rises at 7 13/16.
Here is a better suggestion. Check this page out: Lapeyre Stairs.
Let me know what you think.
I agree, laying out full size is the best way to get accurate angles. Your angles would be 51 and 39, alright.
Way to go, Steve!!
First, personally, I would not use OSB sub-floor, but would use 5/8" or 3/4" plywood T & G. The code calls for 1 1/4" of thickness for a sub-floor for tile. If the OSB is already down, go with 1/2" cement board or another layer of 5/8" plywood. This is the bathroom floor, not the shower floor. I assume you would use a shower pan for the shower floor!
Checkout my article: How to Lay Ceramic Tile.
I'll answer under your questions...
All plywood, these days, have exterior glue. Make sure you get the correct thinset, which is for plywood and not concrete. It will say on the bag. I just use the liners or concrete board in the shower, itself.
Yes, use pressure treated wood. Put a foam sill gasket under the 2x4s. These are common in rolls for 2x4 or 2x6.
If the tile has a glaze on it, it is almost impossible to drill. Try using a masonry bit - carbide. Another option is a diamond blade on a 4" angle grinder. I use these for cutting inside corners, etc. These little blades are not that expensive. You probably could rent the angle grinder with blade if you don't have one, as well. Since the toilet will be on top of the tile you could be a bit messier with the hole for the screws. Then caulk up around the hole and the screws as you tighten it down, with a final caulking around the toilet itself, after the grout sets up.
I don't consider this a dumb question.
When I'm unsure of a product or service, I google it for a review. A lot of the better stores provide this feature at the bottom of their ad or before you go to the checkout.
I googled this: therma tru door review and came up with a bunch of horror stories.
I googled this: Pella door reviews and came up with a different story.
You have to understand that some people will not give anything a good review. You have to look at lots of the reviews and then make a decision based on the majority. Some of the problems may be the install and not the brand.
I built my house in 1992 and have no problem with any doors or windows. I bought them from a local door plant which had a good reputation from the builders. It is good to check these things out before you give them your credit card number!
No, the house wrap is included in the system, just tape the joints. Make sure you check with your local building inspectors to be sure they are happy with this system.
(taken from our website: DaveOsborne.com)
Most trades people and home handypersons have a framing square (also called a steel square, rafter square or carpenter square) in their woodworking tool kits. If you don't already have one here's a handy link to a good framing square. (Buy a framing square on Amazon.)
However, not many people really know how to use the many scales and tables a framing square has. This article covers only the rafter tables. The other tables on the framing square are covered easily and fully in a very good book I highly recommend called Modern Carpentry by Willis H. Wagner. (Get the book from Amazon.)
The framing square is made up of two legs joined at the heel to form a right angle. The longer leg of the framing square, called the body, is 2" x 24" and the shorter one, called the tongue, is 1 1/2" x 16". If you hold the body of the framing square in your left hand with the tongue pointing to your right you are looking at the face of the framing square, which usually has the brand name on the heel. The back of the framing square is the reverse side. Along the edges of the body and tongue on both sides are the graduations of the framing square. These consist of the following fractions of an inch: eighths, tenths, twelfths, sixteenths and thirty-seconds.
For the purpose of this discussion on the framing square we will only be interested in the rafter table and how we determine the length and cut of a common rafter.
The pitch of a roof can be expressed in three ways (each example has the same pitch):
A carpenter uses the first method, a building code uses the second and a mathematician uses the third.
A carpenter with his framing square in hand will refer to the roof pitch as 4.5 and 12, 5 and 12, 6 and 12, etc. I prefer a pitch of 5 and 12 for an average roof because it is the easiest pitch to calculate.
If you measure...
The above was taken from our webpage: Roof 1: Rafter Tables on the Framing Square
Thanks to all the questions sent in this month. Hope I was able to answer yours, as well.
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Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need.
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