Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need.
Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button.
|Volume 9 Issue 11|
Welcome to Dave's Shop Talk's Home Improvement Newsletter of questions from our members on their construction projects, a Tip of the Month and a home remodeling article, both from our website at http://daveosborne.com.
My brother and webmaster, Dan, is nearing completion of his new site, on which he's been putting in long hours for the last year. Many of us will find it very interesting and useful I'm sure. He is thoroughly testing it before making it publicly available, but you should be hearing about it shortly.
When installing a new tub, insulate the cavity below and around the tub with fibreglass insulation to keep the water warmer longer for those long soaks. Ref: Plumbing and Ventilation 3: Questions on Plumbing and Ventilation.
Also, checkout a tip from a member at the bottom of Ask Dave.
You could attach small angles to the side of the stringer, then attach screws from underneath to the treads. Use construction adhesive on top of the stringer runs.
I went on your county website which gives excellent info on requirements. Click on this link: http://www.sbcounty.gov/landuseservices/Building_Safety/
You can probably find copies of your building codes in libraries, as a reference volume. The International Building Code governs the building codes of the 50 states. Each state and jurisdiction may amend the IBC to meet their state, county or city requirements. The International Code Council (ICC) reviews and publishes the code every 3 years or so and the state codes usually amend their copies the following year. The latest copy of the Calif. code is 2010. You can buy one here: http://www.iccsafe.org/Store/Pages/Category.aspx?cat=ICCSafe&category=2850&parentcategory=Store%20Products&parentcategory=1170
Your first step in applying for a permit is drawing up plans for your reno or construction. The inspector will go over these and either approve them or not. You should not start construction until you get your permit.
Good work on the stairs.
Have a look at this plan to give you an idea how we make cabinets: http://daveosborne.com/dave/projects/entertainment-center.php
I would make it with 3/4" shop grade birch plywood. This is the cheapest plywood that is good both sides and is paint grade. with the shelves being 65" wide, it should have a center gable, with shelves on each side. The plan gives you an idea how to router dadoes in the gables to support the shelves.
Are the walls and ceiling finished where you want this cabinet? You say a recess?? Is the measurement you gave me a hole in the wall? Could you send me a photo of the area you are talking about?
I would not run the shelves full height to the ceiling, but that is my opinion.
You can fancy the doors up both ways, routering grooves in the face or by applying molding to the face.
I'll wait for your pics.
Hi Jay, thanks for the pics.
Usually , when making a cabinet or shelves, we use 3/4" plywood for the frame, as well as for the shelves and doors. The 2x4s are for framing walls, etc. For the shelves - load on a shelf is related to the span of the shelf. You can't put a bunch of books on a 3/4" shelf that is 65" long with a support at each end. But, a 3/4" shelf can support books for a span of half that - 32 1/2". To do this we design a center gable. A gable is the side of a cabinet or shelf that is the same width as the shelf. So you would have 3 gables at 16" wide by full height of the shelves - 7' or ceiling height, etc. Then the shelves go between these gables supported by cleats or strips of wood fastened under each shelf, attached to the gables. Or, better still, supported by dadoes into the gables. These dadoes are only 1/4" deep. When this is all glued and fastened together, it makes a strong unit. It becomes a piece of furniture. It needs a back on it to keep it square and to fasten it to the wall, near the top to keep it from falling over. The edge of the shelves and gables are covered with either solid wood trim or real wood edge tape that is glued on using an iron.
If you don't want a center gable you need to put a strip of plywood under the back of the shelf and the front of the shelf to support the load over the span.
The other way to build a book shelf that you want, is to frame it in dimension lumber and apply veneer over the lumber. This is much harder to do to hide the joints of the veneer and much bulkier.
Hope this helps,
I am sorry about the delay in getting back to you. For some reason your email landed in my Junk Box. I just discovered it today.
Our Stair Calculator is only designed to do the math for you, it can't figure out landings or where the headroom is over which stair. This is the biggest problem with building stairs - having the required total run and the headroom.
We cannot manipulate the total rise, but we can play with the run to within tolerances.
If you have the stringer figured out by now, my apologies, again. If not, I'll try to help you.
I need to know some measurements:
These terms are discussed and defined in our dictionary or in this article: How to Build Stairs at http://daveosborne.com/dave/articles/how-build-stairs.php
This email is in response to our weekly tips:
Hi Jasmine and Mike,
That is a very good tip. In fact I have been doing that for years, now. I got rid of a lot of cords, just recently, since I was getting too much junk.
Good one on the AC cord with GFI. We don't use the AC up here as much as you guys do, so never saw a GFI on a cord before. I like that though.
Thanks for the tips,
(taken from our website: DaveOsborne.com
You're planning on building a shop or backyard shed and would like to build a door a little wider or taller than a conventional door. You can go to the Door Shop and order a custom door and pay through the nose or build a door yourself.
I've built exterior doors for buildings and garden sheds before without a problem. The door framing shown is for a 4' x 6'-8" door, perfect for a large storage shed. I found that the thickness should not go more than 1 3/4" if you are going to use standard locksets. One thing to watch is to rip nice straight boards. I use spruce 2x4s and rip them down to 1 1/4" x 1 3/4" (in half). Pick out nice straight ones with very few knots. Spruce is one of the strongest woods for its weight. For the outer skin use...read more at http://daveosborne.com/dave/articles/how-build-door.php
Well, that does it for another month. We hope some of these questions and answers will help you with your own projects. If you need more advice, join our website, then send me an email.
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